Industry Dynamics

ABOUT Cambodia

By admin

Published: 2012.02.16

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Climate:                     Tropical;rainy,monsoon season (May to November);dry season (December to April);little seasonal temperature variation.      
Area:                            total :181,035 sq kms; land : 176,515 sq kms; water: 4,520 sq kms
Land boundaries:      total:2,572kms
Border countries:      Laos 541kms, Thailand 803kms, Vietnam 1,228kms
Coastline:                   443kms
Terrain:                      Mostly low,flat plains; mountains in south-west and north
Natural resources:     oil and gas, timber, gemstone, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower
Land use:                   arable land : 20.44%; permanent crops: 0 59%; other: 78.97% (2005)
Natural hazards:        monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts
Population:                14,701,717 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure:            0-14 years: 32.2% (male 2,375,155/female 2,356,305)
                                  15-64 years: 64.1% (male 4,523,030/female 4,893,761)
                                  65 years and over: 3.8% (male 208,473/female 344,993) (2011 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.698% (2011 est.)
Birth rate:                   25.4 births/1,000 population (2011 est)
Death rate:                 8.07 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate:  Total: 55.49 deaths/ 1,000 live births; male:62.54 deaths/ 1,000 live births; 48.13 deaths/ 1,000 live births (2011 est)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 62.67 years; male: 60.31 years; female: 65.13 years (2011 est.)
Ethnic groups:        Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Religions:               Buddhist (official) 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3% unspecified 0.2% (1998 census)
Languages:           Khmer (official) 95%, French, English
Literacy:               Definition: age 15 and over can read and write.Total population: 73.6%; male: 84.7%; female: 64.1% (2004 est)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $30.18 billion (2010 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $11.63 billion (2010 est)
GDP – real growth rate:         6% (2010 est)
GDP-per capita(PPP):           $2,100 (2010 est)
GDP-composition by sector: agriculture: 33.4%; industry: 21.4 %; services : 45.2% (2009 est.)
Labour force:                       8.8 million (2010 est.)
Labour force by occupation: agriculture: 57.6%; industry: 15.9%; services: 26.5% (2009 est.)
Agriculture-products:            rice, rubber, corn, vegetables,cashews, tapioca, silk tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles
Idustrial production growth rate: 5.7% (2010 est.)
Current account balance:    $-918 million (2010 est.)
Exports:                               $4.687 billion (2010 est.)
Exports-commodities:         clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear
Exports-partners:                 Hong Kong 33%, US 31.2%, Singapore 9.7% (2009)
Imports:                               $6.005 billion (2010 est.)
Imports-commodities: petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products
Imports-partners:        China 22.6%, Vietnam 12.7%, Hong Kong 12.4%, Thailand 11.9%, South Korea 5.4%, Singapore 5.4% (2009)
Reserves of foreign exch. & gold:  $3.84 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
Debt-external:            $4 338 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
Exchange rates:        Riels (KHR) per US dollar – 4,145 (2010)
                                                   Source: CIA World Factbook Cambodia 2011

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